SmartGift celebrated Father’s Day with a heart meltingly cute video of kids telling us a little about their dads. They love their dads for dropping them off at school, taking them to the beach, playing football, getting them ice creams and spending a lot of fun time together. While these tender toddlers blew flying kisses at their dads on camera, we wondered about the origins of the holiday. Did you know that Father’s Day was a retail bonanza right from the start?
Here is an excerpt of the most informative read that we came across on Father’s day! Thanks Bruce Watson!
A Convenient Holiday
Father’s Day hasn’t always occupied its plum spot in the middle of June. In fact, the first celebration was held on July 5, 1908, a date that was inconveniently close to Independence Day. That original commemoration was anything but upbeat: It honored the victims of the 1907 Monongah mining disaster, in which 362 men were trapped and killed in a West Virginia coal mine. For the roughly 1,000 children who lost their fathers in the disaster, the significance of fathers — and Father’s Day — could not have been more poignant.
Two years later, a far more prominent Father’s Day celebration took place. Inspired by Mother’s day, Sonora Smart Dodd, a Spokane, Wash., housewife, persuaded a coalition of religious groups to set aside a day to celebrate fathers. Dodd’s inspiration was her own father, William Jackson Smart, who single-handedly raised his six children following the death of his wife. Initially, Dodd proposed that Father’s Day be held on June 5 — her father’s birthday — but was overruled by the coalition’s members, who felt that it was too close to Mother’s day. Ultimately, they decided to situate the holiday on June 19, a comfortable spot between Mother’s Day and the Fourth of July.
Dodd’s idea caught on. Six years later, President Woodrow Wilson joined in Spokane’s Father’s Day service. However, the holiday didn’t join America’s official calendar until 1972, when President Richard Nixon established the third Sunday in June as the date for its permanent national observance.
Commercial From the Start
Most holidays put up at least a token struggle against commercialism. For example, Mother’s Day founder Anna Jarvis railed against businesses that tried to exploit her creation. Father’s Day, on the other hand, was a retail bonanza almost from the start: In Spokane, Dodd worked with merchants to promote it, suggesting window displays and signs that would encourage customers to buy presents for their dads. In the 1930s, the Associated Men’s Wear Retailers, a New York-based trade group, embraced the holiday with a “Father’s Day Committee” to help publicize the day — and the sales that attended it. Their perspective was immediately evident from the slogan they chose for the holiday: “Give Dad Something to Wear.”
In retrospect, it’s not surprising that ties quickly became the traditional Father’s Day gift.
Because of its heavy commercial emphasis, Father’s Day had to fight an uphill battle against consumers who saw it as a cynical attempt to wrest money from guilt-ridden children. Harvard Divinity School professor Leigh Eric Schmidt argues that Father’s Day quickly embraced its own exploitation. In Consumer Rites: The Buying and Selling of American Holidays, he notes that “Advertisers themselves recognized [the] wider cultural tendency to see Father’s Day gifts as humbug, and one solution was to incorporate this into holiday promotions and to try to turn it to commercial advantage.” In addition to offering playfully silly suggestions for Father’s Day presents, many stores attacked competitors for promoting inappropriate or tacky gifts.
Boosting the Economy …
Given Anna Jarvis’ firm stance against commercialism, it’s somewhat ironic that Mother’s Day far outstrips Father’s Day when it comes to spending. According to the National Retail Federation, the average mother received more than $140 in gifts this year, while the average American dad will get just over $106. Then again, even this comparatively small sum is a significant jump over last year, when the average dad raked in a meager $94.
This year-over-year jump illustrates Father’s Day’s key role in providing a spur for retailers. In fact, the amount of money spent on dads is a nice benchmark for the economy in general. In 2007, on the eve of the recession, per capita Father’s Day spending hovered close to $100. Two years later, in the depths of the economic downfall, it had plummeted to just over $90. In context, 2011’s expected retail windfall of $11.1 billion represents not just a lot of happy dads, but a retail economy that is regaining a lot of lost ground.
… and Celebrating Dads
Ultimately, though, Father’s Day isn’t about shopping. Rather, it’s about honoring fathers and their place in the lives of America’s children. Given the holiday’s overly-commercialized origins — not to mention the ballyhoo surrounding its yearly observance — this can be a bit hard to remember. Still, while preparing for this Sunday’s festivities, you might want to take a moment to think of any dads you know who have struggled to support and nurture their children.